FY 2023 Kansas Revenue Tracker
Each month, the Kansas Division of the Budget reports how much tax revenue the state collected for the previous month. These actual collections are compared to the forecasts produced by the Consensus Revenue Estimating Group, which help the Legislature understand and plan for the cost of providing services and operating the state government as legislators develop the state’s budget for the upcoming fiscal year.
KAC’s revenue tracker provides a visual snapshot of each monthly report and how the revenue side of the budget is being funded to achieve a balanced budget.
- June revenues mark the end of the 2023 fiscal year and another month of strong revenue collections.
- At the close of the year, which ran from July 1, 2022, through June 30, 2023, total tax collections of $10.16 billion were 0.3% higher, or $25.9 million more, than the $10.13 billion expected.
- Actual collections for June 2023 were 1.8%, or $17.3 million, above the estimate for the month and 4.1% higher than June 2022.
- The latest forecast had the state ending the year with a $1.9 billion surplus, largely attributable to back-to-back months of strong revenues.
For additional details, read the Governor’s Office press release on June revenue collections.
Big Picture Takeaway — Strong Revenues and Surpluses Don’t Impact Much If They Aren’t Actually Invested to Improve the Lives of Everyday Kansans
Aside from a couple of small dips, monthly revenue collections have exceeded estimates for two solid years, which is remarkable for a state that was once just a recession away from fiscal disaster. Yet, it is important to remember that projected budget surpluses (which we achieved for FYs 2022 and 2023) do not necessarily mean that the state is effectively addressing the challenges Kansans are facing or that we are investing in a future to benefit all. Revenue estimates simply compare estimated revenues against planned expenditures already laid out in the budget.
Thoughtful, bipartisan collaboration in 2022 led to a necessary jumpstart to the state’s fiscal situation, among which included paying off debt and investing heavily in the state retirement system and empty rainy day fund. With the low-hanging fruit gone, lawmakers failed to pass any large-scale, practical, and equitable spending plans for the surplus through the 2023 legislative session. They collectively rejected proposals that could have paved the way for affordable health care for all Kansans, improved access to consistent and quality child care, provided meaningful tax changes for lower income families who pay proportionally more taxes, and other policies that would improve general quality of life. Sadly, many everyday Kansans must still cling to financial security because lawmakers walked away with hardly having prioritized investments into Kansas families.
Best practice is to assume that any surplus is one-time funding that should be spent with sustainability in mind and to make one-time investments in targeted plans that would have the biggest bang for the buck. The nearly $2 billion surplus projected for the end of the fiscal year could make a pretty big bang and presents another opportunity to ensure that Kansas families, children, and communities have their needs met and have opportunities to thrive in our collective future.
- Actual collections for May 2023 were 4.7%, or $38.8 million, above the estimate for the month and 5.8% lower than May 2022.
- Collections for the fiscal year to date (July 2022 through May 2023) are now about 0.1% higher than what was expected.
- After a small dip in collections relative to the estimate in April, May revenues appear to be back on trend with preceding months.
- As of May 31, 2023, Kansas had collected approximately 90.5% of the $10.13 billion in total expected revenue for the current fiscal year.
For additional details, see the May State General Fund Revenue Receipt Update.
Big Picture Takeaway — Updated Revenue Forecast Shows Legislative Impact
The April Consensus Revenue Estimate (CRE) provided a projection of the state’s fiscal and economic position in the coming fiscal year to help lawmakers in their decision making. However, because the estimate was released prior to the close of the legislative session, it does not reflect the impact of appropriations approved by the Legislature. As such, an updated estimate is released after the close of the legislative session to capture tax or policy changes that could affect state revenues.
The May revision of the CRE shows that there will be no changes to overall tax collections for the rest of FY 2023; a $600 million transfer from the State General Fund to the Budget Stabilization Fund (the state’s rainy day fund) will lower total receipts for the year by that amount; and other much smaller transfers totaling about $200,000.
- Actual collections for April 2023 were 2.3%, or $30.1 million, below the estimate for the month and 14.7% lower than April 2022.
- Collections for the fiscal year to date (July 2022 through April 2023) are now about 0.4% lower than what was expected.
- Lower-than-projected collections, especially compared to April last year, are due to a combination of factors, including raised estimates from the April Consensus Revenue Estimate, lost revenue from the decreased sales tax on food and food ingredients, and changes to individual and corporate tax filings according to the SALT Parity Act.
- As of April 30, 2023, Kansas had collected 82% of the $10.13 billion in total expected revenue for the current fiscal year.
For additional details, see the April State General Fund Revenue Receipt Update.
Big Picture Takeaway — New Revenue Forecast Released
The April Consensus Revenue Estimate was released on April 20 with revenue projections for the rest of FY 2023 and for FY 2024. For the budget to be balanced, as required by the Kansas Constitution, revenues must exceed planned expenditures in the state’s budget and all other approved expenditures from new legislation.
Overall, changes from the last estimate in November 2022 were small but showed increases in revenues for both years and modest trends of growth for the Kansas economy. The new estimate raises FY 2023 tax collections by $75.4 million and combined revenue receipts by $128.2 million above the November estimate, for a total of $9.8 billion. For FY 2024, the forecast was increased by $109.3 million for a total of $10.2 billion.
In recent forecasts, rising inflation has been a concern and remains so, albeit with slight improvements leading to modest growth for the state economy. Inflation is expected to continue to decrease in 2023 and 2024 but will likely still be above the federal government’s target level.
While April revenues missed the mark, this does not exactly spell trouble for the state. The new estimate shows the state ending with surpluses this year and next of $1.9 billion and $3.0 billion, respectively, as well as a rainy day fund balance of $1.6 billion by the end of FY 2024. Lower revenues in the last few months of FY 2023 may slightly decrease the surplus but will not completely erase the immense gains of the past nine months. Additionally, the replenished emergency reserve provides additional assurance against an unforeseen fiscal catastrophe.
An updated CRE will be released in June, which will include the fiscal impact of all legislation becoming law during the upcoming FY 2024, particularly revenue decreases expected as a result of potential new tax law changes.
- Actual collections for March 2023 were 9.4% higher than estimated.
- Estimates incorporate the expected decrease in revenue due to the reduction of state sales tax on food and food ingredients, in effect since January 1, 2023, which has resulted in 0.7 % lower sales and use tax collections this March compared to March 2022.
- Collections from July 2022 through March 2023 were about $262 million (or 3.9%) higher than what was expected for the time period.
- As of March 31, 2023, Kansas had collected just under 70% of the $10.1 billion in total budgeted revenue for the current fiscal year and is on track to reach the target by the end of the fiscal year.
For additional details, read the Governor’s Office press release on March revenue collections.
Big Picture Takeaway
- The Consensus Revenue Estimate meeting scheduled for April 20th will be pivotal in determining if the high revenue collections of the last two years will be enough to soften the blow to revenue from several tax changes approved by the 2023 Legislature. Despite additional investment into the state rainy day fund, significant revenue losses are expected, especially if the new $500 million+ tax package containing the regressive flat tax becomes law.
- Actual collections for February 2023 were about 7.2% higher than estimated.
- Collections from July 2022 through February 2023 were about $197 million (or 3.2%) higher than what was expected for the time period.
- As of February 28, 2023, Kansas had collected about 62% of the $10.1 billion in total budgeted revenue for the current fiscal year and is on track to reach the target by the end of the fiscal year.
For additional details, read the Governor’s Office press release on February revenue collections.
Big Picture Takeaways
- The overall state economy is doing fine, but Kansas families are still experiencing high inflation for necessities like food, energy, and health care. The Governor and Legislature appear determined to cut taxes, but disagree on where and how the trim should happen. Permanent reductions, such as a proposed flat tax, might sound appealing right now as revenues are high, but the funding cushion provided by federal pandemic relief will run out soon, and costs that have been covered by federal grants for the last three years will once again be the responsibility of the state. Any tax changes must ensure that lower-income families do not continue to pay proportionally more in taxes while also seeing the programs and services they rely on to make ends meet drastically underfunded.
- A recession is still a possibility. Federal monetary policy, inflation, and tense global relations could push the national economy into a recession, which would reduce the consumer spending that drives the economy. The resulting revenue shortfall would be catastrophic for states and for residents relying on government services. Fortunately, Kansas now has close to $1 billion saved in the rainy day fund for just that reason, but that can only last so long – close to 40 days of operation.